I made the choice to use Linux Mint for our journey into the Linux world. In this article, we will be Installing Linux Mint Cinnamon in a VM.
What you need:
- Virtual Box or VMware Player / Workstation
- The Linux Mint Cinnamon ISO file (64bit Version)
- Around 15GB free disk space
- You should have at least 8GB of RAM
Some may argue, why 8GB or RAM? I think 8GB should be kind of standard today and you want to assign at least 2GB to Mint to have a smooth experience, ideally 4.
We are aiming to use Windows and Linux at the same time, so you should be fine with 2GB/6GB on each side.
I will be using VMWare Workstation for this tutorial, but the steps should be almost similar to Virtual Box. Virtual Box is free and if you don't have a VMware license, I would recommend Virtual Box over the free VMware Player.
For a guide on how to set up Virtual Box head over to the guide from everyday Linux user and continue with
step 10 in here after that is done.
Side note: Some computers have Intel vt-x (Intel Virtualization Technology) disabled by default. So you might have to activate it first.
With all this checked, we have everything we need to get started.
- Click on
Create a New Virtual Machineleave Typical and
2. Select the downloaded Linux Mint Cinnamon ISO file and
3. On the next window,
select Linux as a Guest Operating System, and as Version choose
Other Linux 3.x kernel 64-bit (or without 64-bit if you chose the 32bit version) and hit
4. Now give your VM a Name and choose where you want to store it if you got an SSD I would recommend that as a location.
5. Now we choose the Disk Size, we give it
15GB, for now, don't worry, we can change this later. Also, we want to select
Store virtual disk as a single file.
6. On the next window, we click on
Customize Hardware. Now we want to assign memory, again, this is according to how much memory you got. I'd recommend
if you got 8GB total assign 2GB if you got 16GB assign 4GB.
7. On the
Processor Tab we assign the number of processors and cores. I assume you got at least and i3, so we are totally fine with assigning
number of processors: 1 number of cores per processor: 2 and we also want to tick the
Virtualize Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI box.
8. On the
Network Adapter tab, you got a few choices. For a beginner, just leave
NAT . It means Mint shares the same IP address like your own computer. Perfectly fine for you. If you want Mint to have it's own IP address, you need to choose Bridged, this simulates a real network card including a MAC address.
9. On the Display tab tick Accelerate 3D Graphics and assign Graphics Memory according to the size of your graphics cards memory and according to if you want to play games on it or not. I don't play games on it so I leave it for 256mb which should suffice.
After that hit
close and hit
Congratulations, your VM is now ready to boot up and start the Mint installation process.
10. Power on your VM and wait for the Mint installation to start. You will end up on the Mint Desktop,
double click on Install Linux Mint Choose an
Language of your choice and hit
Continue. Tick the
Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware, Flash, MP3 and other media box and hit
Erase disk and install Linux Mint. You also have the choice to Encrypt your installation drive with a password. You have to specify a security key in the next step, as this is a beginner guide, we won't do this. Finally hit
Install Now to start the installation process. Confirm the
Write the changes to disks? dialogue with
12. Choose your location (or not) and hit
13. Choose an
Keyboard layout of your flavor.
14. Enter your
name and your
computer's name. Choose a
username and a
strong password. Hit
wait for the installation process to finish. After that is done hit the Restart Now button and Mint will boot up into your fresh installation.
F1 and enter the
Username followed by
Password you chose. You end up on your new Mint Desktop.
17. The first thing we want to do is to
install the VMWare tools or VirtualBox Guest Auditions. These are the Virtual Drivers so to say.
Inside of your Mint installation click on
hit the Windows Key on your keyboard.
In the search bar type Software Manager or
click on the Symbol on the left.
Enter your password for confirmation.
In the search bar on the upper right type:
Double click it and hit the
After it's done, click on
Menu, hit the
Power Off Symbol and select
restart. After the system is rebooted, you will recognize the small window of your Mint installation became a full-screen window now. Meaning the installation of open-vm-tools was successful and you are now finished with your installation.
The next tutorial will go over the basics of your new system, in the meanwhile, you can play around a bit and get a feel for it, use it for surfing the internet for example!
If you are scared to mess things up, take a snapshot. A wonderful feature of virtualization that lets you "save" the current state of your machine, so in case you mess things up, you can just go back in time to this working condition and be up and running again within seconds.
I also recommend to use the fullscreen feature of either VMWare or VirtualBox to get the most out of your Linux experience, so it feels more like you would actually use the system as the main system.
Everything else will follow in the next videos. Play around with it, get a feel for it, it's all pretty intuitive.